After a brief review of the characteristics of distance education, this paper provides a review of the literature covering the research of the 1980s on teaching, learning, educational planning, organization, and policy formation as it relates to the use of communications technology in contemporary distance education. The main focus is on interactive telecommunications media, i.e., audio, video, and computer teleconferencing. The broad field of education is reviewed, including higher and continuing education and K-12 (children's) education. The issues that are identified and discussed are not those concerned with the effectiveness of communications media per se, but the effects that their use has on certain educational variables, particularly on learners' achievements and attitudes, on teachers' achievements and attitudes, on course design and curriculum issues, on cost, administration, and organization, and policy making in education. Discussions of the implications of the research findings include the need for strategic planning, media selection and usage, the quality of interaction, documentation, and policy research. A 94-item annotated bibliography is provided.
Provides a review of the research and literature on distance education from the 1980's.
94 different items are reviewed
Most of this information is outdated today, but does provide a good history of the literature
Moore, M. G., & Thompson, M. M. (1990). The Effects of Distance Learning: A Summary of Literature. Research Monograph Number 2.
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|In Publication||Research Monograph|
|Type of Research|
|Research Design||Not applicable|
|Intervention/Areas of Study||Active learning|
|Level of Analysis||Student-level|
|Specific Populations Examined||Age groups|
|Specific Institutional Characteristics of Interest||K-12|
|Specific Course or Program Characteristics|
|Outcome Variables of Interest|
|Student Sample Size||0-99|