This briefing paper provides the background to the current development of and future trends around OER aimed at adding to our understanding, stimulating ongoing debate among the JISC community and developing a research agenda. The briefing is structured in three sections: discussion on the conceptual and contextual issues of Open Educational Resources, a review of current OER initiatives, their scale, approaches, main issues and challenges, discussion on trends emerging in Open Educational Resources, with respect to future research and activities.
Open Educational Resources, OER
Yuan and colleagues provide background to the current OER movement as well as predicted future trends. This report is consist of three sections.
(1) Concept and Context : The term open educational resources was first used at UNESCO conference in 2000. Since then, it has been promoted in the context of providing free access to education globally.
(2) OER initiative in HE : OECD (2007) reports that there are 3000 open access courses from more than 300 universities worldwide. MIT OpenCourseWare, OpenLearn Initiative (UK universities), USU OCW (Utah State University) are some of the well-known programs, and reviewed in this paper.
(3) OER--calls for research : increasing demand for various forms of education have led policy discussion and institutional development in many countries. Policy discussion (e.g financial support, intellectual property, staff development), socio-cultural pedagogical concerns as well as technical concerns are reviewed.
Yuan, L., MacNeill, S., & Kraan, W. G. (2008). Open Educational Resources-Opportunities and challenges for higher education.
|Links to Article||http://ubir.bolton.ac.uk/290/1/iec_reports-1.pdf|
|In Publication||University of Bolton|
|Type of Research||Theoretical|
|Research Design||Not applicable|
|Intervention/Areas of Study||Administration, management, and leadership, including accreditation, financial models, and legal, Faculty and professional development and/or training, Open education resources|
|Level of Analysis||Institutional-level, Cross-institutional|
|Specific Populations Examined||Graduates, Undergraduates|
|Specific Institutional Characteristics of Interest||2-year institution, 4-year Institution, Associates-granting, Bachelors-granting, Doctorate-granting, For-profit, Not-for-profit, Private, Public|
|Specific Course or Program Characteristics||Arts and humanities, Formal sciences, Natural sciences, Social sciences, Professions, STEM, MOOCs|
|Outcome Variables of Interest||Institutional effectiveness, Instructional effectiveness, Learning effectiveness, Program effectiveness|
|Student Sample Size|