Given the continued growth in online learning as well as reports of high attrition rates in it, understanding student readiness for online learning is necessary. Over the years several surveys have been developed to assess student readiness as a predictor of success in online programs, however, a review of the literature yielded limited results of their translation and criterion-referenced validity. The researchers of this article sought to develop a more rigorous survey instrument for students to self-assess readiness for online learning. The authors report on findings from a three-phase study during which the instrument was developed, evaluated, and validated. Through the process of validation, the researchers systematically engaged in an iterative process to refine the instrument, which resulted in not only a more rigorous instrument but one that more clearly defines ready and situates it within the literature on learner characteristics, digital divide, and information and communications technology (ICT) engagement.
Online readiness, Learner characteristics, ICT engagement
An attempt to develop a more current instrument that combined learner characteristics and technology capabilities and to employ a methodologically rigorous approach to the development of the instrument.
developed a survey that consisted of two subscales: learner characteristics and technology capabilities.
Analysis of student responses to the item analysis overall revealed that students were responding to questions on the basis of their personal life experiences in general rather than within the educational context of online learning. As a result an overall prompt to each item was added, ‘Please answer the following questions in the context of your experiences as a college student in an online program,’ to clarify the context in which questions should be answered.
Based on results of the survey, a new subscale was created called the ICT subscale.
Dray, B. J., Lowenthal, P. R., Miszkiewicz, M. J., Ruiz?Primo, M. A., & Marczynski, K. (2011). Developing an instrument to assess student readiness for online learning: A validation study. Distance Education, 32(1), 29-47.
|Links to Article||https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C50&q=developing+an+instrumetn+to+assess+student+readiness+for+online+learning&btnG=
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|In Publication||Distance Education|
|Type of Research||Quantitative|
|Research Design||Survey research (qualitative or quantitative)|
|Intervention/Areas of Study||Student readiness|
|Level of Analysis||Student-level|
|Specific Populations Examined||Graduates|
|Specific Institutional Characteristics of Interest|
|Specific Course or Program Characteristics||Professions|
|Outcome Variables of Interest||Course completion|
|Student Sample Size||0-99|